医疗问题例来是美国大选绕不过去的热点议题。为了获得选民支持,几乎每个候选人都会摆出与药企不共戴天的姿态,赌咒发誓要帮民众谋福利,千方百计搞低药价。现任总统特朗普也不例外,他在2016年的总统大选中对药企的批评可谓是犀利得惊人——“药企人为抬高药价,杀人害命,却逍遥法外”。但两年的时间过去,很多东西都变了,总统特朗普大大背离候选人特朗普当初的允诺,态度180度大转弯。他的新计划不仅没有直接挑战制药行业,而且在很大程度上迎合了药企巨头们的目标。这标志着他和药企的关系越来越紧密。所以,笑到最后的还是钱袋深的那位。今天的句子:第一句:Taking a page from the Democrats, Trump embraced a plan to allow Medicare to negotiate directly with drug manufacturers, promising that such a scheme could save hundreds of millions of dollars and reduce drug prices. 词汇突破:1. take a page from: 借鉴,学习2. Democrats: 民主党人3. embrace : 接受4. Medicare: 大写M表示美国的联邦医疗保险体系;类似我过得医保体系;5. drug manufacturers:药品制造商6. scheme:计划切分+独立成句:1.Taking a page from the Democrats,= Trump takes a page from the Democrats(现在分词短语还原为一个句子)2.Trump embraced a plan to allow Medicare to negotiate directly with drug manufacturers,3. promising that such a scheme could save hundreds of millions of dollars and reduce drug prices. = Trump promises that such a scheme could save hundreds of millions of dollars and reduce drug prices.(现在分词短语还原为一个句子)
参考译文:特朗普效仿民主党,接受一个允许联邦医疗保险直接与药企议价的计划,承诺这种计划能节省成亿美元并削减药品价格。第二句:When he was asked why the plan, which has circulated around Capitol Hill for about 15 years, hadn’t yet passed Congress, Trump said without reservation that it was all drug companies’ fault.词汇突破:1. circulate:转圈 2. Capitol Hill 国会山就是指美国国会 circulated around Capitol Hill:比喻一直在国会中讨论3. hadn’t yet: 迄今仍未4. without reservation 毫不遮掩地;毫不客气地5. pass Congress 在国会通过;获得国会批准切分:1.When he was asked why the plan hadn’t yet passed Congress,2.which has circulated around Capitol Hill for about 15 years, 3.Trump said without reservation that it was all drug companies’ fault.参考译文:被问及为什么这个计划已经在国会山兜兜转转近15年,却仍未在国会通过时,特朗普毫不客气地说,都是药企的错。思考题一:Trump are learning from the liberals to accept a plan.Take a page from= learn fromLiberals= democrats Accept =embrace 所以这个说法是正确的思考题二:Trump blames drug manufacturers for the hinderance of the plan. Hinderance:阻碍,妨碍!特朗普说了:it was all drug companies’ fault.计划没通过就是药企的错,也就是说药企妨碍了计划的通过。所以这个选项是正确的!
明天的句子:The existence of a forgotten and neglected underclass of people is not something unique to the Conservatives’ time in office. Vulnerable people and those who prey on them are not new. The safety nets in the UK have often been badly maintained and easy to slip through, but the Tory solution has been to blame the safety net itself rather than its design, and then to work to make it even worse.思考题一:Underprivileged people had been ignored by the Tory before.思考题二:The possible solution to the problem is to change the design of safety net.